Mostly rugged and mountainous
Varies from tropical in south to cool temperate in north
Nationality: Japanese (singular and plural)
Population: 127,253,075 (July 2013 est.)
Shintoism 83.9%, Buddhism 71.4%, Christianity 2%, other 7.8% (Note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism) (2005)
In the years following World War II, government-industry cooperation, a strong work ethic, mastery of high technology, and a comparatively small defense allocation (1% of GDP) helped Japan develop a technologically advanced economy. Two notable characteristics of the post-war economy were the close interlocking structures of manufacturers, suppliers, and distributors, known as keiretsu, and the guarantee of lifetime employment for a substantial portion of the urban labor force.
IMPACT OF ENERGY SHORTAGE (:46)
Japanese generally enjoy good health and have the greatest life expectancy (predicted life span) in the world. Medical care is generally good and includes both modern scientific and traditional Chinese-style herbal medicines. Housing is a major problem in Japan's crowded cities. While Japanese prefer single-family houses, the enormous cost of land prevents them from having a real yard; as many as forty houses may be built on one acre. Small apartments are very common.
A Parliamentary government with a constitutional monarchy
US Military Presence/Support