Vietnam

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FACTS

Terrain

Low, flat delta in south and north; central highlands; hilly, mountainous in far north and northwest

Climate

Tropical in south; monsoonal in north with hot, rainy season (May to September) and warm, dry season (October to March)

People

Nationality: Vietnamese (singular and plural)  
Population: 92,477,857 (July 2013 est.), 
Languages: Vietnamese (official), English (increasingly favored as a second language), some French, Chinese, and Khmer, mountain area languages (Mon-Khmer and Malayo-Polynesian)

Religions

Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8%

Economy

Vietnam is a densely-populated developing country that has been transitioning from the rigidities of a centrally-planned economy since 1986. Vietnamese authorities have reaffirmed their commitment to economic modernization in recent years. Vietnam joined the World Trade Organization in January 2007, which has promoted more competitive, export-driven industries.

Living Conditions

The health of the Vietnamese people has suffered from decades of war, upheaval, and population increase. Malaria and tuberculosis are widespread, and cholera and bubonic plague continue to threaten many Vietnamese. Malnutrition also affects many in the country. Close to 80% of the Vietnamese population lives in rural areas, primarily in small villages. The housing of northern and southern Vietnam differs due to climatic differences.

Government

Communist state

US Military Presence/Support

U.S. & Vietnamese officials work together to identify & recover POW/MIA military remains from the Vietnam War.  American assistance supports the identification & deactivation of unexploded ordnances in the country. The U.S. provides military training in the areas of humanitarian relief, search & rescue & maritime security. It has recently provided $18 million to enhance related coastal patrol activities & offered other assistance for economic development.

Video

 CONCERNS WITH CHINA (1:41)

History

THE VIETNAM WAR:

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