Flat, fluvial basin with an elevation of 400-700 m above sea level surrounded by several high mountain ranges with elevations of 2,000 to 2,500 m
Influenced by continental air masses resulting in relatively cold winters with heavy snowfall and hot, dry summers and autumns; Mediterranean and alpine influences create regional variation
Nationality: Kosovar (Albanian), Kosovac (Serbian)
Population: 1,859,203 (July 2014 est.)
Languages: Albanian (official), Serbian (official), Bosnian, Turkish, Roma
Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic
Kosovo's citizens are the poorest in Europe with a per capita GDP (PPP) of $7,600 in 2013. An unemployment rate of 45% encourages emigration and fuels a significant informal, unreported economy. Inefficient, near-subsistence farming is common, the result of small plots, limited mechanization, and lack of technical expertise. With international assistance, Kosovo has been able to privatize a majority of its state-owned enterprises.